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CARNICOLOR   E.Morren, 1874

Synonym : Cotyledon carnicolor  Baker (1870)


Series Racemosae

Type : Not designated.

Lectotype : Saunders Refugium Botanicum 3: plate 199. 1870.

Etymology : Lat. carnicolor = flesh-coloured, referring to the  colour of the leaves, not to the colour of the flowers.

Distribution : Mexico (Veracruz).

First Description as Cotyledon carnicolor by Baker in Saunders Refugium Botanicum 3: 199.1870:

Quite stemless and glabrous.

Leaves about twenty in a dense rosette, thicker in texture than the average of the section, oblanceolate-spathulate, the outer ones two inches long by three-quarters of an inch broad half-way up, acute, the ... three-eighths of an inch broad just above the base, the face concave, the colour a pale glaucous-green with a decided reddish tinge, the papillae more distinct than in any other species.

[Flowering] stems two or three from the crown of the root, arcuately ascending, not more than half a foot high including the raceme, densely leafy. Racemes six- to twelve-flowered, fifteen to eighteen lines broad, not more than an inch and a half to two inches long when fully expanded. Bracts linear, the lowest nearly as long as the pedicel, the upper much shorter. Pedicels erecto-patent, three to four lines long.

Flowers : Sepals lanceolate, subequal, subpatent, two lines deep. Corolla bright red when mature, distinctly pentagonal, half an inch deep, the divisons lanceolate, the outer stamens inserted near the base of the corolla.

Cytology : n = 18.

Note :

1. The origin of the plant Baker used for his description in 1870 was not known, it was believed to come from Mexico. It was only in 1906 that Purpus found it in the Barranca de Tenampa, Veracruz, Mexico.

2. In Echeveria, p. 1972, Walther published his own description of Echeveria carnicolor. Though he declared that the plant from which it was made is traceable to Dr. Rose, it evidently did not correspond well to the type plant - the leaves were "cress-green tinged drab", i.e. they were by no means flesh-coloured. In order to comply with the specific epithet "carnicolor" he therefore concluded that - in contradiction to the protologue - this was meant to refer to the flower colour and consequently described the flowers partly as flesh-coloured - again in contradiction to the red corolla of the First Description.

As already stated above, the adjective carnicolor = flesh-coloured does not refer to the flower colour, it refers to the colour of the leaves.

Walther's description is to be ignored.

3. According to David Jimeno, plants in the wild are never greyish or bluish-grey like the plants in our collections. The origin of the greyish plants is unknown. 



Photos Gerhard Köhres

Photos David Jimeno

Photo Noelene Tomlinson

Photos Paul Neut

Photos Bernie DeChant

Photo Thomas Delange

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