Echeveria
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CHICLENSIS var. CHICLENSIS 

Synonyms :

Cotyledon chiclensis  Ball (1887)

Echeveria neglecta  von Poellnitz (1935)

Type : Ball s.n. Collected near Chicla, Peru, in 1882, 4000 - 4300 m.

Etymology : Referring to the type locality (near Chicla).

Distribution : Peru (Dept. Lima, Dept. Ancash, Dept. Pasco, Dept. Junín).

First Description as Cotyledon chiclensis by Ball in Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 22: 38. 1887.

 

Description by Pino in Haseltonia 9: 52. 2002 :

A succulent glabrous herb, ususally with a single rosette.

Roots 3 - 8, tuberous, 0.4 - 1.1 cm thick, 5 - 8 cm long.

Stem subterranean, 0.8 - 3 (-6) cm thick, 2.5 - 4.5 (-10) cm long, rarely branched, erect, with constrictions caused by annual growth, rarely aboveground and then up to 10 cm long, with 1 (-6) rosettes.

Rosette 9 - 12 cm wide (to 20 cm wide in cultivation).

Leaves 10 - 32, sessile, succulent, ascending, later incurving, lanceolate when young, later lanceolate-oblong, 5 - 11 (-18) cm long, 1.1 - 2.4 cm wide 3 cm from apex, 1.4 - 2.4 cm wide at middle, 0.9 - 1.1 cm wide at base, 2.5 - 4 (-8) mm thick, acute, upper surface concave to flat, sometimes keeled, light glossy green, lower surface convex, reddish green, obtusely keeled, margins smooth.

Flowering stems 1 or 2, 29 - 45 cm long, 3 - 4.5 (-9) mm thick at base, 1.5 - 2 (-4) mm wide at apex, yellowish green near base, reddish towards apex. Peduncular bracts 23 - 42, linear-lanceolate, 3 - 4.3 (-5.5) cm long, 6 - 10 mm wide, 2 - 4 mm thick, lower surface reddish green. Pedicels 0.9 - 2.5 cm long, 1 . 2 mm wide, with 1 or 2 lanceolate, acute bracteoles 7 - 8 mm long and 1.5 - 2 mm wide.

Flowers (9-) 11 - 16 (-45) in each inflorescence. Calyx lobes united at base, erect, linear-oblong, acute, 5 - 6 (-9) mm long, 2.5 - 3 mm wide, green, reddish at base. Corolla ovoid, pentagonal, 7 - 8 mm thick, petals elliptic-oblong, acuminate, 1.4 - 1.6 cm long, 3 - 5 mm wide, exterior red at base, orange to yellow near apex, inside pinkish at base, apex green.......

Flowering time : November to May.

Note :

1E. chiclensis var. backebergii differs from var. chiclensis by leaves and inflorescences which are densely and conspicuously long-papillose. Plants near Matucana are so papillose that they glisten in sunlight.

2. The distribution areas of E. chiclensis var. chiclensis and var. backebergii are clearly separated and do not overlap. While var. backebergii is growing from ca 2300 - 2700 m, var. chiclensis is occurring only above 3300.

3. Walther's re-description of E. chiclensis (Echeveria, 368-369, 1972) does not well correspond either to the First Description by Ball or the recent re-description by G. Pino in Haseltonia 9: 52. 2002.

E. chiclensis near San Bartolome, Peru :




Photos Guillermo Rivera




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