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AGAVOIDES   Lemaire, 1863   (engl./ fr.)

Synonyms :

Cotyledon agavoides  (Lemaire) Baker 1869 / Urbinia agavoides  (Lemaire) Rose 1903
Echeveria yuccoides Morren (1874) 
Urbinia obscura  Rose 1903 / Echeveria obscura  (Rose) Berger (1930)

Series Urbiniae

Type : Not designated. Neotype (Iconotype) : Saunders, Refugium Botanicum 1, pl. 67. 1869.


Etymology : Resembling an Agave. 

Distribution : Mexico (San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Durango, Jalisco, Coahuila, Aguascalientes, Michoacán).



First Description by Charles Lemaire in L'Illustration Horticole 10: 78, 1863 (in French) :

Acaule ; feuilles très nombreuses, étalées-rosulées, fort épaisses, très dilatées à la base, étroitement imbriquées, puis atténuées-très aiguës ; d'un vert opalin ; fleurs d'un écarlate pâle. Magnifique. Mexique ; introduite depuis deux ans à peine ; forme d'une petite Agave.

Expanded description by Baker as Cotyledon agavoides in Saunders, Refugium Botanicum 1, nr. 25. 1869 :

Glabrous, not at all caulescent.


The leaves fifteen to twenty in a dense rosette, ovate, an inch and a half to two inches long by an inch broad half-way up, narrowed above to a rigid spiny point, the centre of the blade three-eighths of an inch thick, the upper surface slightly concave, the back much rounded, both sides a very pale glaucous-green, and distinctly reticulated with papillae, the old ones faintly tinged with red at the edge.


Flowering branch eight to twelve inches long, slender, with only a very few small bract-like leaves. 


Flowers four to six in a sparse cyme. The bracts linear, very minute. The pedicels half to three-fourths of an inch long. Calyx under one-eighth of an inch deep, the lobes deltoid, equal, ascending. Corolla orange, half to five-eighths of an inch deep, scarcely at all pentagonal.

Cytology : n = 29, 58.

Note :

Echeveria agavoides is highly variable in habitat, occurring in at least 8 Mexican states. It is one of the hardiest echeverias, tolerating high summer temperatures as well as some winter frost.

Short description by M. Kimnach in Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants, 2003. engl. / fr.

List of cultivars

Echeveria agavoides growing in shade in deciduous forest in Guanajuato, Mexico :

Echeveria agavoides poussant à l'ombre en forêt décidue, à Guanajuato, Mexique :

Plant in cultivation (from Hidalgo) :

Photos Gerhard Köhres

Photo Eduardo Carbonell

Photos Benoît Henri

Photos Margrit Bischofberger

Photos Thomas Delange

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